City’s Past Still In Ruins
A time when Vallakadavu 'boattupura' was the hub of trade and commerce, Parvathy Puthanar was the National Highway and the railway station was located at Chackai... | Mukesh Venu
On Jul 11, 2012

The Trivandrum (Thampanoor) railway station was inaugurated by Rani Sethu Lakshmi Bayi on November 4, 1931. But the first train had arrived at Trivandrum way before that, in 1918, during the reign of Moolam Tirunal Rama Varma Maharaja. The railway station was located at Chackai. This railway line was built as an extension of the Quilon-Shenkottai stretch and brought the first train to Trivandrum.


Colonel Goda Varma Raja then decided to have an aerodrome for Trivandrum and the land at Chackai was chosen for it. The railway line was re-laid through Pettah to Thampanoor. The present Central Railway Station was opened in the year 1931 and the aerodrome was established in 1932. Old timers living in the area say that remains of the station wall and the well – the railway well at the station premise used to be the largest well in the region - were to be seen till a few years ago. But everything was lost to the airport’s expansion project as land was taken up to build the aircraft maintenance hangar.




Thampanoor station was opened as a secondary station to Trivandrum Pettah, as the Pettah station held the primary importance in those days. The reason being that the main centre of commercial activity was in and around Pettah, with its proximity to Parvathy Puthanar and the Vallakadavu Boat House.


Parvathy Puthanar is an artificially created river-canal that provided the vital link to the capital city connecting it with the commercial waterways up north. This water channel was the lifeline to the city, equivalent to the present day National Highway. The water used to be clean in those days and several bathing spots were built along the stretch of the canal.


Parvathy Puthanar now stands still as a carpet of water hyacinth, with its waters black as death.




When the sewage system of Trivandrum was set up in 1938, Parvathy Puthanar was utilised to take the waste water to the sea. The waste water generated in those times was 16 MLD (Million Litres per Day). At present it stands at around 160 MLD, with Muttathara sewage plant is still months away from purring into operation. Raw sewage  and more recently any waste are dumped into the Parvathy Puthanar by calloused citizens.



The last thing we heard about the cleaning up of the canal was the Rs.500 crore project announced by Water Resources Minister P J Joseph in March this year. The stretch is included in the National Waterway project, but still, the fate of the river-canal which had once sustained the capital through its commerce, remains infested with weed, burdened with waste and destined to lie in oblivion, even as the city that it helped grow, continues with its rapid growth.







The procedural formalities for the re-laying of the track from Chackai to Thampanoor and the construction of Parvathy Puthanar wasn't complicated as it could have been today, simply because in those days it was still monarchy and not democracy; the king's decision was always the final one. But those days of kings' rule are long gone, a fact which gets exemplified by the abandoned and in-ruins Vallakadavu Boat House


Vallakadavu Boat House is one of the oldest surviving historical signatures of Trivandrum. The 'boattupura' was built in the early 19th century and the area was the hub of trade and commercial activities. The 'boattupura' had barges which were specifically meant for the use of royal families and high class scholars and priests who came to the city. It used to be a symbol of pride for the royal family of erstwhile Travancore.



The centuries’ old original building was mostly pulled down under a TRIDA project and the boat house was renovated with the aim of it to be developed to a place of tourist attraction. The work started in 2002, and after several lags, was finished in 2006. The renovated boat house still stands there, half buried in waste and clad in moss and weed, with no one permitted to enter the building as per the instruction given to the security by the City Corporation!




While many pictures have been permanently lost to the past, some still exist alongside the present. Parvathy Puthanar and Vallakadavu Boat House played pivotal roles in the past are now allowed to rot in peace by the same capital city Parvathy Puthanar could never substitute the high speed transportation that is needed by the busy population nor could Vallakadavu Boathouse contain the huge container barges of today; But forgetting the past means forgetting about the future, and which is the last thing that Trivandrum needs in midst of all the controversies and confusions reigning with almost all of its developmental works.

Report Abuse    Report Error    Comments SMS/E-Mail
Bookmark and Share
Wow..! Though I am a native of this city I never knew that such a monument existed here. Thanks Mukesh. Great work team Yentha.
Raju, on Jul 20, 2012 05:35:59 PM
Nice article....
Thunjith.. :P, on Nov 12, 2012 01:52:54 PM
thanks for the journey to the old trivandrum... if we could have maintained our city...it would have been a great achievement...
Kapil Sreedhar, on Nov 14, 2012 07:40:38 PM
very interested and informational article ,
Dipu.S, on Nov 17, 2012 05:17:09 PM
Good article.. am a planning student (m.plan) ... i would like to no wethr any of these can made to my thesis topic
Divya, on Oct 04, 2014 05:16:25 PM
News Features Columns